The laws of any countries do not apply inside the darknet. However, at each site, the administration sets its own internal rules of behavior and interaction of participants: moderators monitor their compliance (as well as at regular forums), Kolmakov added. In order to preserve the anonymity of the participants in any transaction, the institute of guarantors (a third party, an authoritative representative of the site) operates on the sites
Disputes in the darknet are resolved through arbitration proceedings, Kolmakov said.
All actions in the darknet are performed by people at their own risk, and anonymity in this network is conditional — if a person posts data about himself on the forum (from name to phone number) or shares them with any of the attackers, this information can be used against him. “In the darknet, the owners of their resources do not particularly care about the security of users, unlike the usual Internet, so darknet users are more vulnerable to phishing software, ransomware programs and various cryptographers that fill the darknet resources,” warns Dvoryansky.
Moderna BioNTech, AstraZeneca, and Pfizer always react to the news agenda — for example, in March 2021, Kaspersky Lab found ads on shadow resources for the sale of three types of patented coronavirus vaccines: Pfizer/BioNTech, AstraZeneca, and Moderna, their prices per dose averaged around $500, recalls Galov. “However, it is unlikely to get a guarantee that all the conditions for proper storage of the vaccine were met, of course. There is no guarantee that the vaccine was actually sold in ampoules,” he doubts. In November 2021, fraudsters began to offer supposedly European vaccinated certificates for an average of $300. “We believe that most of these ads are scams, their only purpose is to lure people out of money,” Galov concluded.